Philippine Herbs Used in Small Animal Practice

Herb Indication Preparation and Application Active Ingredient Precaution

Sabila (Aloe barbadensis)*


Wounds, burns, abrasions, skin irritation J/ S: Strip off outer skin and apply mesophyll on affected areas Acemannan, allantoin, aloeemodin-anthran-C-glycoside, emonin, allantoin Toxic when ingested (due to anthracoid present in the latex skin); not to be used in pregnant or lactating animals
Comfrey (Symphytum officinale) Wounds, abscess, cuts  J/ S: Bruise the roots and immediately apply topically; or Pt/ Fo: leaves, overnight   Allantoin, tannin, mucous substances  Toxic when ingested (due to pyrrolizidin alkaloids and consolicine present)
Talong (Solanum melongena) Wound, dermatophytes J/ S: leaves, bid x7d Alkaloid, tannin Slight toxicity noted when ingested
Bayabas (Psidium guajava)* Wounds De/ S: leaves, and irrigate affected area tid x 3d Tannin, saponin, volatile oil, fixed oil  

Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum)*







Surgical wound (from castration, i.e.)

Localized Mange (S, D)



Tick infestation



Pt/ S: leaves mixed w/ paminta, betel nut and lime;

T/ S: 75 g tobacco dust + 1 li H2O, filter in gauze, + 20 ml 70% isopropyl alcohol, apply bid x 3d; if moderate infestation, apply od x 7d more;

Pw, I/ S: 75 gm leaves, soak in 1 li H2O (3d), filter, apply on infected areas, dip paws for 30 min and rinse off with tap water.





Nicotine (causes paralysis then death of the parasite)

Toxic when ingested 







Aroma (Acacia farnesiana) Skin disease  Pt/ C: Use fresh leaves as rubbing agent    
Atchuete (Bixa orellana) Canine pyoderma, infected wounds I/ S: Atchuete dye mixed with lime  Maslinic Acid (aka crataegolic acid)  Toxic when ingested
Tanglad (Cymbopogon citratus Tick infestation, Dermatophytes  J/ S: leaves; or
T/ S: leaves in ethanol at 1:3 (v/v) dilution
Citral (an aldehyde in essential oil)   
Kakawate (Gliricidia sepium)* Tick and flea infestation, Mange (S), Dermatophytes  De/ S: 500 gm leaves and young stalks in 1 li H2O apply within 24 hrs, weekly x 6 wks  Coumarin, tannin, anthraquinone, sulfur   
Manga (Mangifera indica Mange (S)  /S: Mix the gum resin with oil and apply topically  Saponin, tannin, peroxidase, sulfur  
Talisay (Terminalia catappa Mange (S) J/ S: young leaves mixed with oil Tannin, saponin, calcium oxalate, glycosieds  Toxic when ingested (due to punicalagin, a hydrolysable tannin, present) 
Elefante (Heliotropium indicum),
Atis (Anona squamosa)
Mange (S)  De/ S: leaves  Alkaloid

Alkaloid, tannin
Toxic when ingested
Kuchai (Allium tuberosum Mange (S), Dermatophytes  De/ S: 500 gm leaves in 1 li H2O + 0.5 gm agar; after cooling, + 500 ml cooking oil, shake vigorously and apply to skin weekly x 3wks  Alliin, beta carotene  
Makabuhay (Tinospora crispa, T. rumphii) Mange (S) J/ S: vine, may + pounded coconut palm leaves, use as rubbing agent to affected areas Berberine  
Akapulko (Cassia alata)* Ear mites, Psoroptes cuniculi, eczema
Mange (D)
De/ S: leaves, apply to the ears weekly x 4wks;
Pt/ S: leaves
Alkaloids, tannin, saponin, glycoside, calcium oxalate  Slightly toxic when ingested
Niyog (Cocos nucifera)*  Dermatophytes /S: Oil    
Gatas-gatasan (Euphorbia hirta Dermatophytes (Trichophyton mentagrophytes, T. simii De/ S: leaves  Alkaloids, tannin, sulfur, amygdalin  Ingenol ester (present in the latex) causes skin irritation & has tumor-promoting activity 

*Used by clients of the VTH, CVM, UPLB
Philippine Herbs Used in Small Animal Practice
Compiled by M. Leila Santiago-Flores, DVM
Preparation and Application of Herbal Medicines
Integumentary System
Gastrointestinal System

Intestinal Parasitism
Respiratory System
Reproductive System
Urinary System
Circulatory System
Ophthalmic Disorders


Email: Leila Flores