Philippine Herbs Used in Small Animal Practice

 Herb Indication Preparation and Application  Active Ingredient Precaution

Bunga (Areca catechu



Toxocara canis, Ancylostoma caninum, Dipylidium caninum, cestodes


Pw, J/ Dr: Remove husk, wash and dry nut, grind with mortar and pestle, mix 5 gm (1tsp) to 8 ml of water, squeeze off juice with cheesecloth and give 2 ml/kg BW, PO; repeat after 1 wk

Arecoline, arecaidine



Large doses of areca nut cause vomiting and diarrhea


Pinya (Ananas comosus) Toxocara canis  B/ Ff: sundried (1 wk) leaves, grind, mix 1 gm with 1 gm of molasses, give at 2mg/kg BW Bromelain  Contraindicated in patients with prolonged bleeding time; and those under anticoagulant medication 
Niyog-niyogan (Quisqualis indica Toxocara canis /Ff: Roast 4-5 seeds and give PO L-quisqualic acid   
Balete (Ficus elastica) Trichuris, Toxocara canis Use the latex of the trunk (1.0 cm3/kg) and give PO Ficin enzyme, ficosterin, caoutchouc (rubber) Some toxic side effect: hypotension, vasodilation and direct heart depressant
Pandakaking-tsina (Ervatamia divaricata Worms  Pt/ Ff: Rub root bark with water and give PO     

Philippine Herbs Used in Small Animal Practice
Compiled by M. Leila Santiago-Flores, DVM
Preparation and Application of Herbal Medicines
Integumentary System
Gastrointestinal System
Intestinal Parasitism
Respiratory System

Reproductive System
Urinary System
Circulatory System
Ophthalmic Disorders


Email: Leila Flores