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Family Vitaceae
Leea aculeata Blume

Scientific names Common names
Leea aculeata Blume ex Spreng Amamali (Sul.)
Leea sandakanensis Ridl. Anmamali (S.L. Bis.)
Leea serrulata Miq. Bulinaunau (P. Bis.)
Ticorea aculeata Blanco Garadat (Bik.)
  Gemamali (Buk.)
  Humamali (Mbo.)
  Hara (Tag.)
  Kemamali (Buk.)
  Lumali (Sub.)
  Mali-mali (Pamp., Tag.)
  Mamalig (Mag.)
  Pamangkilon (Bis.)
  Sipit-kahig (Tag.)
  Sipit-kayin (Tag.)
Quisumbing's compilation lists three species under the Genus Leea: Leea aculeata (mali-mali), Leea indica (mali), and Leea manillensis (abang-abang).
Leea aculeata Blume ex Spreng. is an accepted name The Plant List

Other vernacular names
BORNEO: Bundong, Denigirut, Kenyupiang, Kruang, Mali-mali beduri, Mali-mali bini, Njebo.

Mali-mali is a shrub or small tree reaching a height of 8 meters. Stems are spiny. Leaves are smooth and trifoliate or pinnate. Leaflets are oblong to subelliptic, up to 15 centimeters in length or more, 3 to 4 centimeters in width, the terminal leaflet being larger, prominently toothed along all margins except the base, pointed at the tip, blunt at the base. Flowers are white, and borne on corymbs 5 to 8 centimeters long. Fruit is red, somewhat rounded, about 1 centimeter in diameter.

- Common in thickets and secondary forests, especially along streams at low and medium altitudes, from the Babuyan Islands and northern Luzon to Mindanao and Palawan, in most or all provinces.
- Also occurs in Borneo, Java, Celebes, New Guinea, and the Moluccas.

- Phytochemical screening of air dried leaves yielded tannins, steroids, terpenoids, cardiac glycoside, and flavonoids. (4)

- Study suggests antioxidant property. (3)

Parts used


- Leaves are reported to be used for purifying the blood.

Antioxidant: Study screened leaves of various Philippine medicinal plants for antioxidant activities. Results from antioxidant screening using DPPH radical scavenging method and total phenolic contents showed the decoction, crude ethanol, and 50:50 ethanol-water extracts of L. capitellata and L. aculeata with antioxidant profiles similar to reference standards ascorbic acid and butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT). (3)


© Godofredo U. Stuart Jr., M.D.

Updated November 2017 / August 2016

IMAGE SOURCE: / Photo / Image of Leeaceae Leea aculeata / Branch Copyright © 2011 by Leonardo L. Co (contact: benctan@berkeley.edu) [ref. DOL26529] / Non-Commercial Use / click on image to go to source page / Phytoimages.siu.edu

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
Leea aculeata Blume ex Spreng / Common names / Asian Plant
Leea aculeata / Synonyms / The Plant List
Antioxidant properties of Philippine medicinal plants: Cassia sophera Linn, Derris elliptica Benth, Ficus minahassea Tesym. and De Vr, Leea aculeata Blume, and Leucosyke capitellata Wedd. / Uy, Mylene M; Villazorda, Marvelous G L / Advances in Agriculture & Botanics. 2015, Vol. 7 Issue 3, p150-156

Evaluation of the phytochemical constituents of the leaves of Ficus minahassae Tesym & De Vr., Casuarina equisetifolia Linn., Leucosyke capitellata (Pior) Wedd., Cassia sophera Linn., Derris elliptica Benth., Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Hassk., Piper abbreviatum Opiz., Ixora chinensis Lam., Leea aculeata Blume, and Drymoglossum piloselloides Linn. / Rachel A. E. Lagunay, Mylene M. Uy / Advances in Agriculture & Botanics-International Journal of the Bioflux Society / AAB Bioflux (2015) Vol 7, Issue 1

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