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Family Araliaceae
Galamai-amo
Schefflera insularum (Seem.) Harms


Scientific names  Common names 
Aralia octophylla Blanco  Galamai-amo (Tag.) 
Heptapleurum insularum Seem.  Kalangkang (P. Bis.) 
Polyscias digitata Blanco  Kulolo (Sub.) 
Schefflera decidua Blanco  Pararan (Bag.) 
Schefflera mindanaensis Merr.   
Schefflera insularum (Seem) Harms  
   
Galamai is a local name for three different species of genus Schefflera, distinguished from each other by the leaf numbers and features: (1) Schefflera elliptifoliola Merr. (Galamai) (2) Schefflera insularum Seem. (Galamai-amo, kalangkang, kulolo, pararan) (3)Schefflera odorata Merr. (Galamai-amo, kalakang, lima-lima).
Galama-amo i is a local name for shared by (1) Schefflera insularum Seem. (Galamai-amo, kalangkang, kulolo, pararan) (2)Schefflera odorata Merr. (Galamai-amo, kalakang, lima-lima).

Gen info
Schefflera are shrubs or trees, sometimes climbers or epiphytes, usually with palmately compound leaves. Several recent phylogenetic studies have shown Schefflera is clearly polyphyletic, and that the Asian species belong to sa single, well supported, morphologically coherent clade, which might have to be transferred to some other genera. (1)

There are nearly 1100 species widely distributed in the tropics and subtropics of both hemispheres; about 5 or 6 species endemic in the Philippines.

Botany
Galamai-amo is a woody vine growing 2 to 6 meters or more. Leaves are palmately compound, smooth, crowded at the ends of the branches, with 7 to 9 leaflets. Leaflets are of different sizes in the same leaf, oblong or oblong elliptic, 10 to 24 centimeters in length, 3 to 8.5 centimeters wide, and upon 5- to 7-centimeter-long stalks, narrowly pointed at the apex and pointed at the base. Flowers are pale white, umbellately clustered upon short stalks, 1 centimeter long, and borne on terminal or subterminal compound inflorescences 15 to 30 centimeters long. Fruit is orange, ovoid, prominently ridged when dry, 7 to 9 millimeters in diameter.

Distribution
- Found only in the Philippines.
- Common in primary forests along streams at low altitudes in Laguna, Quezon, Camarines, Albay, and Sorsogon Provinces in Luzon; and in Mindoro, Masbate, Polillo, Catanduanes, Samar, Leyte, Negros, and Mindanao.

Parts utilized
Leaves.

Folkloric uses
• In Mindoro, fresh leaves are pounded and the juice used as purgative.
• Schefflera elliptifoliola or S. insularum is one of the ten indigenous herbal ingredients used in the post-partum ritual of suob. (See:
Suob)

Studies
No studies found.


Availability
Wild-crafted. 

Last Update November 2013

IMAGE SOURCE: / Photo / Araliaceae : Schefflera / Leaf /Copyright © 2004 by Kevin C. Nixon (contact: kcn2@cornell.edu) [ref. DOL8102] / Non-Commercial Use / Click on photo to see source image / Phytoimages.siu.edu
Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
(1)
Schefflera (Genus) / Overview / ZipcodeZoo

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