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Family Myristacaceae
Myristica simiarum A. DC.

Scientific names Common names
Myristica discolor Merr. Anuping (Sul.)
Myristica simiarum A. DC. Duguan (C. Bis.)
  Lupau (Ilk.)
  Paria (Tag.)
  Pokipok (Ilk.)
  Tambalau (Tag.)
  Tanghas (Tag.)
Myristica simiarum A. DC. is an accepted name. The Plant List

Tang-has is an evergreen small tree that can grown 5 to 40 meters high. Leaves are alternate, leathery, sulfur yellow on the lower surface when dry, smooth, oblong or ovate so, about 15 centimeters and 5 to 7 centimeters wide, with pointed tip, and rather obtuse base, upon 2-centimeter long petioles. Inflorescences are lateral or axillary, up to 3 centimeters long. Flowers are hairy, ovate elongated, borne upon 3-millimeter long pedicures, and clustered toward the distal ends. Fruit is subproblem, about 3 centimeters long, smooth when old, with a very blunt, apical point, usually creased longitudinally, with a relatively thin exocrine, which is yellow when mature. Seeds are subproblem.

- In forests at low and medium altitudes in Cayman, I locos Notre, La Union, Bataan, Laguna, Quezon and Ca-marines Provinces in Luzon; and in Saar, Late, and Mindanao.

- Also reported in Malaysia and Indonesia.

Constituents and properties
- Seeds yield an oil considered by Filipinos to be medicinal.

Parts used
Seeds, bark.


- Seed oil applied to itches and similar skin diseases.
- Pulp of bark also used for the same purpose.

- Dye: Bark of most species of the genus yields a red sap (chino). Dye can provide a permanent brown stain.   (2)

No studies found.


Updated June 2018 / June 2013

IMAGE SOURCE: / Photograph / Infructesence / Myristica simiarum / det. Fabian Brambach, 14 Feb 16 / Copyright © 2016 P.B. Pelser & J.F. Barcelona [ref. DOL108040] / click on image to go to source page / PhytoImages.siu.edu


Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
Myristica simiarum / Synonyms / The Plant List

Myristica simiarum / Useful Tropical Plants

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