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Family Liliaceae

Spider plant
Chlorophytum comosum (Thunb.) Jacques
RIBBON PLANT

Dian lan

Scientific names Common names
Chlorophytum comosum (Thunb.) Jacques Airplane plant (Engl.)
  Ribbon plant (Engl.)
  Spider ivy (Engl.)
  Spider plant (Engl.)
  Dian lan (Chin.)


Botany
A tufted grass-like perennial herb growing to a height of 60 cm. Leaves are narrow-linear, blunt at the tip, up to 2 cm wide, recurved, glossy, solid green. The variegated form may be pale green with white longitudinal stripes. Flowering racemes are long, pendulous. Flowers are small and white.

Distribution
Native to South Africa.
Recently introduced to the Philippines.
Suited for use as groundcover.
Propagated by division of rhizomes and from plantlets.

Parts utilized
Roots

Properties and constituents
• Study isolated three new spirostanol pentaglycosides and four known saponins.

Uses
Folkloric
• No reported folkloric use in the Philippines.
• In Chinese traditional medicine, used for treating bronchitis, fractures and burns.

Studies
Steroidal Saponins / Antitumor-Promoter Activity: Study isolated three new spirostanol pentaglycosides and four known saponins. The saponins were examined for inhibitory activity on tumor promoter-induced phospholipid metabolism of HeLa cells.
Antiproliferative: The antiproliferative effects of a n-butanol extract from C comosum was tested in vitro against four human cell lines. Results showed the extract to have antiproliferative effects and apoptosis in human cell lines.
Indoor Air Purifier: According to a NASA study, spider plants absorb 96 percent of carbon monoxide in a controlled environment within a 24-hour period, making it one of the most effective air purifier in its research.

Availability
Wild-crafted.


Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
(1)
Steroidal saponins from the underground parts of Chlorophytum comosum and their inhibitory activity on tumour promoter-induced phospholipids metabolism of hela cells / Yoshihiro Mimaki et al /
Phytochemistry, Vol 41, Issue 5, March 1996, Pages 1405-1410 / doi:10.1016/0031-9422(95)00789-X |
(2)
Apoptosis Induced Human Cell Lines by a Butanol Extract from Chlorophytum comosum Roots / Hirohisa Matsushita et al / Journal of Health Science, 51(3), 341-345 (2005)
(3)
The Best Plants to Purify Air / Holly L Roberts / Livestrong


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