Scutellaria is a genus of flowering plants in the mint family, containing about 300 species, commonly known as "skullcaps." It derives from the Latin word scutella (small dish) referring to the shape of the calyx.
Sidit is a perennial, slender, slightly branched herb, often prostrate below. Leaves are ovate, 1 to 4 centimeters long, and 1 to 2.7 centimeters wide, with a blunt tip and rounded or somewhat heart-shaped base, and with hairs on both surfaces. Flowers are pale blue, borne in terminal racemes, and 2 to 5 centimeters long. Calyx is slightly hairy, with rounded lips, and about 2.2 centimeters long, enlarged upward, slightly curved, and slightly ciliate on the outside. Nutlets are about 1.6 millimeters long.
- In ravines, on ridges in mossy forests, etc. at altitudes of 800 to 2,400 meters, and occasionally along mountain streams at lower elevations.
Occurs in Cagayan, Abra, Bontoc, Benguet, Zambales, Bulacan, Bataan, Rizal, Batangas and Quezon Provinces in Luzon; and in Mindoro.
- Also occurs in New Guinea.
Contain a glucoside, scutellarin, like s. basicalensis, S. altissima, S indica and other species..
- In the Philippines, plant used as a cure for stomach pains.
- In the Mountain Province, administered in the form of decoction.
- Among the Kalanguya tribe of Tinoc, Ifugao, crushed leaves are applied to burns and scabies. Seeds are eaten to expel worms from the stomach.