Family Capparaceae
Seru walai
Cleome rutidosperma DC.

 Other scientific names  Common names 
Cleome rutidosperma DC. Seru-walai (Tag.)
Cleome ciliata Tamil-malaya (Tag.)
  Fringed spiderflower (Engl.)

Botany
A plant with spreading and prostrate branches and leaves divided in 3 leaflets. Flowers are small, violet-blue, 5 mm long, borne on long stalks from the leaf axil of the flowering stems. Fruit is cylindrical and curved, about 5 cm long, with numerous round, reddish-brown to black seeds, 1.5 mm diameter with barred surfaces.

Distribution
Recently introduced; now aggressively spreading on waysides, farmlands and gardens.



Properties and constituents
Phytochemical studies showed the presence of tannins, flavonoids and cardiac glycosides; alkaloids, steroids, pentose and reducing sugars. source

Parts utilized:
Roots and leaves.

Uses
Folkloric
Abortifacient

Studies
Diuretic / Antibacterial: Study of crude aqueous extract showed CR to possess significant dose-dependent diuretic activity and antibacterial activity against gram positive and gram negative bacteria.
Diuretic / Laxative: Study of CR showed signigicant diuretic effect and well as dose-dependent laxative effect.
Analgesic / Antipyretic / Antiinflammatory: Study of ethanolic extract showed significant analgesic, antiinflammatory and antipyretic activity.
Nutritional Composition: Flour from the seeds of Cleome rutidosperma revealed alkaloids, steroids, pentose and reducing sugars. It also contained tannins, flavonoids and cardiac glycosides. The major mineral contents were potassium, sodium and calcium. Results suggest a potential use as human food or incorporation into livestock feed.
Analgesic / Locomotor Activity Effect : Crude methanol, chloroform and petroleum ether extracts of Cleome rutidosperma all showed significant analgesic and depressed locomotor activity compared to control treatment with morphine treatment, aspirin and chlorpromazine,.

Availability
Wild-crafted.


Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
(1)
Diuretic and antibacterial activity of aqueous extract of Cleome rutidosperma D.C./ 2007 | DOI: 10.4103/0250-474X.33162
(2)
Studies on diuretic and laxative activity of ethanolic extract and its fractions of Cleome rutidosperma aerial parts / PHCOG MAG.: Research Article / PHCOG MAG.: Research Article
(3)
Analgesic, anti-inflammatory and antipyretic activities of the ethanolic extract and its fractions of Cleome rutidosperm / doi:10.1016/j.fitote.2007.05.002 / Fitoterapia Vol 78, Issues 7-8, December 2007, Pages 515-520
(4)
Nutritional and Anti-Nutritional Compositions of Cleome rutidosperma, Lagenaria siceraria, and Cucurbita maxima Seeds from Nigeria / O.A. Ojiako, C.U. Igwe. Journal of Medicinal Food. December 2007, 10(4): 735-738. doi:10.1089/jmf.2007.625.

(5)
Analgesic and locomotor activity of extracts of Cleome rutidosperma DC / BOSE A. ; SARAVANAN V. S. ; KARUNANIDHI N. ; GUPTA J. K. / Indian journal of pharmaceutical sciences / 2004, vol. 66, no6, pp. 795-797