Saligao is a large shrub. Leaves are alternate or subopposite, oblong, about 12 centimeters long, and 5 centimeters wide. Flowers are solitary or few in a cluster, borne on axils of the leaves. Fruit is somewhat rounded, about 3 centimeters in diameter.
- In forests at low and medium altitudes in most or all provinces from northern Luzon to Palawan and Mindanao.
- Also occurs in India and Ceylon through Malaya to New Guinea.
- Plant reported to be poisonous.
Considered abortifacient, stomachic.
Bark, seeds, leaves.
Decoction of leaves will produce abortion.
Decoction of bark, taken internally, used as stomachic.
Seeds reported to be effective for constipation.
• Phytochemicals: Study of the leaves isolated two flavone glycosides, acacetin-7-O-b-D-glucopyranoside and diosmetin-7-O-b-D-glucopyranoside, a phenylpropanoid glycoside, plus p-propenylphenol-b-D-glucopyranoside, a linear diterpene, trans-phytol, and a lanostane triterpene, (24S)-24-methyl-5a-lanosta-9(11),25-dien-3b-ol.
• Clerodane: Study isolated a polyoxygenated clerodane, spiciflorin, and also a glucoside of anol (2), columbin, scopoletin, 3,3',4-O-trimethylellagic acid, acetylaleuritolic acid, common triterpenes and phenols.