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Family Commelinaceae
Sabilau
Cyanotis axillaris (Linn.) D. Don ex Sweet
SPREADING DAYFLOWER

Qiao huo lan er cao

Scientific names Common names
Amischophacelus axillaris (L.) R. Rao & Kamm. Alikbañgon (Tag.)
Commelina axillaris Linn. Alitbañgon (Tag.)
Cyanotis axillaris (L.) D. Don ex Sweet Kulasin-marintek (Pang.)
Cyanotis disrumpens Hassk. Sabilau (P. Bis.)
Tonningia axillaris (L.) Raf. Spreading dayflower (Engl.)
Tonningia axillaris (L.) Kuntze  
Tradescantia axillaris (L.) L.  
Zygomenes axillaris (L.) Salisb.  
Alikbangon is a common name phonetically confused with aligbangon (Tradescantia rufa, sambilau), alibañgon (Commelina benghalensis, bias-bias), alitbangon.
Alikbañgon is shared by Commelina diffusa and Commelina axillaris (Cyanotis axillaris)
Cyanotis axillaris (L.) D.Don ex Sweet is an accepted name The Plant List

Other vernacular names
CHINESE: Qiao bao hua, Qiao huo lan er cao.
INDIA: Tena arxa, Tena arkha, Nilani phul, Salt-raj, Baghanulla.
TAMIL: Vazhukai pul.
THAI: Phak plaap naa.

Botany
Sabilau is a succulent, slender, prostrate, somewhat branched, smooth herb. Stems are about 5 millimeters thick, 20 to 40 centimeters long, rooting at the nodes. Leaves are sessile, lanceolate, 4 to 11 centimeters long, 6 to 12 millimeters wide. Flowers are 3 to 6 in each leaf-axil, opening one at a time, with small bracteoles, and not imbricated. Calyx is pale-greenish. Corolla is bluish or purplish, with long-clawed petals; the limb 5 to 6 millimeters long. Capsules are long-beaked. Seeds are oblong, compressed or ventrally concave, brown, shining and shallowly pitted.

Distribution
- Commonly found from northern Luzon to Palawan and Mindanao, in most islands and provinces, In clearings, open places along streams, rice paddies, etc, at low and medium altitudes.
- Also occurs in India to China and through Malaya to Australia.

Properties
- Traditionally considered febrifuge, anti-inflammatory, and antiparasitic.
- Study has shown antifungal property.

Parts used
Whole plant.

Uses

Edibility
- In India leaves cooked as vegetable for tympanitis.
Folkloric
- In the Malabar Coast, used as a remedy for tympanitis.
- External applications used in ascites and abscesses.
- Used as abortifacient in combination with other plants.
- Decoction of whole plant used in swellings above the abdomen.
- In India, roots and tubers used for fever and worms. Warm leaf juice used as ear drops to relieve eardrum inflammation.

- Irulu tribes of Western Ghats, India, use leaves, raw or in decoction, for swelling. Used for chest pains in herbal combination with Alpinia galanga, Curculio orchids, Cleome monophylla and Terminalis bellerica.
Others
- Fodder: Used as food for pigs.

Studies
• Antifungal:
Study evaluated different solvent extracts of dried whole plant of Cyanotis axillaris for antifungal activities against 12 opportunistic fungal strains. Hexane, ethyl acetate and methanol extracts showed significant antifungal activities. Highest antifungal activity was seen with the EA extract with zone of inhibition >30 mm against C. krusei.

Availability
- Wild-crafted.


Updated March 2018 / August 2016

IMAGE SOURCE / GNU Free Documentation Licences / File:Cyanotis fasciculata / J M Garg / 7.09.08 / Wikimedia Commons

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
(1)
Cyanotis axillaris (L.) D. Don ex Sweet / Chinese names / Catalogue of Life, China
(2)
A Survey of Ethnomedicinal Plants used by the tribals of Ajoydha Hill Region, Purulia District, India / Abhijit Dey and Dr Jitendra Nath De / American-Eurasian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 4(3): 280-290, 2010

(3)
Cyanotis axillaris / Synonyms / The Plant List
(4)
Ethnomedicinal assessment of Irula tribes of Walayar valley of Southern Western Ghats, India / Arjunan Benkatachalapathi et al / Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences / https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sjbs.2016.10.011
(5)
ANTIFUNGAL ACTIVITY OF CYANOTIS AXILLARIS (L.) D. DON EX SWEET AGAINST OPPORTUNISTIC FUNGAL STRAINS / R Anto Suganya, Jeya Jothi Gabriel / International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, July 2017; 9(7):140 / DOI: 10.22159/ijpps.2017v9i7.18868


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