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Family Lygodiaceae
Lygodium scandens (L.) Sw.

Xiao ye hai jin sha

Scientific names  Common names 
Hydroglossum scandens (L.) Willd. Agsam (Bik.)
Lygodium scandens (L.) Sw. Nito-nitoan (Tag.)
Odontopteris scandens (L.) Bernh.. Nitong-parang (Tag.)
Ophioglossum scandens (L.) Mirb.. Nito (Ibn., Tag.) 
Ramondia scandens (L.) Mirb. Climbing maidenhair (Engl.)
  Old-world climbing fern (Engl.)
  Small-leaf climbing fern (Engl.)
  Scansorial climbing fern (Engl.)
Nito's varieties of common names is confusingly shared among four species of plants belonging to the Family Schizaeceae / Gemus Lygodium: (1) Nito, Lygodium circinnatum, nitong puti, nitoan (2) Nitong puti, Lygodium flexuosum, nito nga purao (3) Nitong-pula, Lygodium japonicum, nito, nito-a-purao (4) Nito-nitoan, Lygodium scandens, nitong parang, nito.
Lygodium scandens (L.) Sw. is an accepted name The Plant List

Other vernacular names
CHINESE: Xiao ye hai jin sha.
INDIA: Aichu sinaima.
INDONESIA: Paku tali, paku kawat, paku hata leutik.
MALAYSIA: Ribu-ribu, selada, kapai alus.
THAILAND: Kachot nuu, ree-bun paa dee, liphao yung.

Nito-nitoan is a fern with dark brown slender rhizomes and climbing, twining fronds, Primary petioles are very short, the secondary ones 1 to 2 centimeters long. Sterile pinnae are 7 to 20 centimeters long, with a terminal, simple or bifid pinnule and 4 to 6 lateral ones on each side. Pinnules are alternate and stalked, 2 to 3.5 centimeters long, oblong or subtriangular, simple, entire or sometimes slightly lobed, with the base variable, rounded, truncate, cordate, or bluntly hastate. Fertile pinnules are commonly shorter. Spikes are 2.5 to 7.5 millimeters long in close rows. Spores are reticulate.

- Limited in distribution in the Philippines, seen in the Batanes Islands and some parts of Luzon.
- Also occurs in Tropical Africa, Asia, Australia and Polynesia.

Considered astringent.

Parts utilized
Entire plant.

- Decoction of the plant, especially of stems and fronds, used for dysentery and hemoptysis.
- Leaves also used for skin ailments.
- Poultices and lotions used for skin ailments, measles, and swelling.
- Lotions also used to cool in fevers.
- In Thailand decoction of roots used for fevers. Decoction of whole plant used for orchitis, cancer, joint and muscle pains.

- In India, used for wound healing, eczema, and treatment of jaundice. (6)
- In the HImalayan region of India, leaves used for skin diseases. (7)
- Ethnoveterinary: Separately ground leaves of L. scandens mixed with leaves of C. roseus, C. asiatic, S. aspera, J gendarusa given to animals affected with dysentery. (5)

No studies found.


© Godofredo U. Stuart Jr., M.D.

Updated June 2017 / October 2015

Photo © Godofredo Stuart / StuartXchange
IMAGE SOURCE: CPlik:Lyg scandens.jpg / Lygodium scandens in Giessen Botanical Garden, Germany / 27 May 2007 / Kembangraps / GNU Free Documentaion License / Wikimedia Commons
Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
Lygodium scandens / Chinese name / Catalogue of Life, China
Lygodium microphyllum (Csv.) R. Br. / Vernacular names / GLOBinMED
A survey of medicinal plants in mangrove and beach forests from sating Phra Peninsula, Songkhla Province, Thailand / Oratai Neamsuvan*, Patcharin Singdam, Kornkanok Yingcharoen and Narumon Sengnon / Journal of Medicinal Plants Research Vol. 6(12), pp. 2421-2437, 30 March, 2012
Lygodium scandens (L.) Sw. / Synonyms / The Plant List
Ethnoveterinary Applications of Medicinal Plants by Traditional Herbal Healers in Reang Tribeo South District Tripura, India / Reang I, Goswami S, Pala NA, Kumar M* and Bussmann RW /
Med Aromat Plants 2016, 5:2 / http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/2167-0412.1000234
Species composition and medicinal importance of Pteridophytes in Paderu forest region, Eastern Ghats of India. / G.M.Narasimha Rao, S.V.V.S.N.Dora and K.Vijaya Lakshmi / / Scholars Academic Journal of Pharmacy (SAJP) Sch. Acad. J. Pharm., 2013; 2(3):187-189
Ethnomedicinal botany of the Apatani in the Eastern Himalayan region of India / Chandra Prakash Kala / Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 2005, 1:11 / DOI10.1186/1746-4269-1-11
It is not uncommon for links on studies/sources to change. Copying and pasting the information on the search window or using the DOI (if available) will often redirect to the new link page.

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