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Family Moraceae
Malais-is
Malaisia scandens (Lour.) Planch.
BURNY VINE
Niu jin teng

Scientific names Common names
Alchornea scandens (Lour.) Mull.Arg. Hiñgi (Tag.)
Caturus scandens Lour. Hingiu (Tag.)
Caturus tortulosus Seem. Hinguin (Tag.)
Malaisia scandens (Lour.) Planch. Malais-is (Tag.)
Malaisia tortuosa Blanco Saba (Tag.)
Trophis scandens Hook. & Arn. Sadak (Ilk.)
  Salimpagot (Tagb.)
  Sigid (P. Bis.)
  Burney vine (Engl.)
  Burnie vine (Engl.)
  Crow ash (Engl.)
Malaisia scandens (Lour.) Planch. is a synonym* of Alchornea scandens (Lour.) Müll.Arg. The Plant List

Other vernacular names
CHINESE: Niu jin teng, Buo fan guo teng.
PAPUA NEW GUINEA: Doi a.

Botany
Malais-is is a vine or climbing shrub reaching a height of 4 to 8 meters, smooth except for young branchlets and inflorescences. Leaves are leathery, oblong-ovate to elliptic-oblong, 4 to 10 centimeters long, 2.5 to 4 centimeters wide, smooth, somewhat rough or sandpapery on the undersurface, with entire or obscurely toothed margins, the tip pointed and the base rounded or pointed. Female inflorescence is densely hairy. Fruit is oval, 6 to 7 millimeters long, red, stalkless, occurring in clusters on the axils of leaves, and 1 to 2 to each receptacle.

Distribution
- In thickets and forest at low and medium altitudes from northern Luzon to Mindanao and Palawan.
- Also occurs in China and Taiwan to Ma
laya, Australia, and Polynesia.

Properties
Rubbing against the stem can cause a burning sensation.

Parts used
Leaves.

Uses

Edibility
- Seeds eaten raw or cooked.
- Flesh is reportedly edible.
Folkloric
- Decoction of leaves adminstered to women after childbirth.
Others
Rope: Vine is used for tying purposes, as in construction of fish corrals. Bark fiber can be made into rope; used as string for dillybags and fishing nets.


Studies
Calcium Crystals:
In a study of mature leaves of nine species of Moraceae, Malaisia scandens was observed to have both calcium oxalate and calcium carbonate crystals. The presence or absence of crystals is one of the important characters for understanding evolutionary relationships of plant species. (2)

Availability
Wild-crafted.

Last Update November 2014

IMAGE SOURCE: / Trophis scandens foliage and flowers / 5 August 2012 / Mark Marathon / Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license / Click on image to go to source page ./ Wikimedia Commons
OTHER IMAGE SOURCE: / File:Trophis scandens old flower spikes.jpg / 8 December 2012 / Mark Marathon / Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license/ Click on image to go to source page ./ Wikimedia Commons
Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
(1)
Malaisia scandens (Lour.) Planch. / Chinese names / Catalogue of Life, China
(2)
Calcium crystals in the leaves of some species of Moraceae / Chi-Chih Wu and Ling-Long Kuo-Huang / Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. (1997) 38: 97-104
It is not uncommon for links on studies/sources to change. Copying and pasting the information on the search window or using the DOI (if available) will often redirect to the new link page.

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