HOME      •      SEARCH      •      EMAIL    •     ABOUT

Family Gramineae
Kauayan-tinik
Bambusa spinosa Roxb.
SPINY BAMBOO
Yu zhu
Scientific names  Common names
Arundarbor agrestis (Lour.) Kuntze Aonoo  (Bik.)
Arundarbor arundinacea (Retz.) Kuntze Batakan (Bis.)
Arundarbor bambos (L.) Kuntze Baugin (Pamp.)
Arundarbor spinosa (Buch.-Ham.) Kuntze Dugian (Bik.)
Bambusa bambos (L.) Voss. Caña espina (Span.)
Bambusa spinosa Roxb. ex Buch.-Ham. Kaaono (Bis.)
Bambusa spinosa Blume ex. Nees Kauayan (P. Bis., Bon., C. Bis., Bik., Ilk, Tag.)
Bambusa blumeana Schultes f. Kauayan-gid (P. Bis.)
Bambusa pungens Blanco Kauayan-ñg-bayog (Ilk.)
Bambusa arundo Blanco Kauayan-potog (Sbl.)
Bambusa arundinacea F. Vill. Kauayan-sitan (Ilk.)
Bambusa teba Miq. Kauayan-tinik (Tag.)
Le zhu  (Chin.) Kauayan-totoo (Tag., Bik.)
  Kabugauan (Bik.)
  Lamnuan (Is.)
  Marurugi (Bik.)
  Pasiñgan ((Ibn.)
  Paua (Bis.)
  Rugian (Bik.)
  Giant thorny bamboo (Engl.)
  Spiny bamboo (Engl.)
  Thorny bamboo (Engl.)
Bambusa spinosa Roxb. ex Buch.-Ham. is a synonym of Bambusa bambos (L.) Voss The Plant List
Bambusa bambos (L.) Voss is an accepted name The Plant List

Other vernacular names
CHINESE: Ci zhu, Ci ce zhu, Yu zhu.
FRENCH: Bambou épineux.
JAPANESE: Shi chiku.
KHMER: Rüssèi roliëk.
LAOTIAN: Phaix ba:nz.
PORTUGUESE: Bambu-espinoso
SPANISH: Cana espina
SUNDANESE: Haur cucuk.
THAI: Mai si suk, Phai si suk.
VIETNAMESE: Tre gai, Tre la nga.

Botany
Kauayan-tinik is an arborescent bamboo, occasionally shrubby or scrambling. Rhizomes are short-necked. Stems are 10 to 25 meters high, 8 to 15 centimeters in diameter, the basal parts surrounded by stiff, branched, interlaced, spiny branches. Leaves are 10 are 20 centimeters long, 1 to 2 centimeters wide. Rarely flowering. Panicles are large. Spikelets are slender, compressed and 2 to 3 centimeters long.

Distribution
- At low and medium altitudes in settled areas throughout the Philippines.
- Introduced at an early date.
- Occurs in southern China to the Malay Peninsula an from the Archipelago to the Moluccas.

Constituents
- Leaves are rich in hydrocyanic and benzoic acids.

- Bamboo shoots (labong) are only fair sources of calcium and iron; contains 1.76 % protein, and 4.24 % of carbohydrates.
- Root of Bambusa bambos yield cyanogenic glycosides identical with taxiphylline. Aqueous extracts of mature leaves yielded six phenolic acids, viz., chlorogenic acid, ferulic acid, coumeric acid, protocatechuic acid, vanillic acid and coffeic acid. (6)
- Pharmacognostical evaluation of various extracts of leaf yielded alkaloids, carbohydrates, steroids, tannins, glycosides, and flavonoids. Physiochemical evaluation of leaf yielded total ash 11.46%. acid-soluble ash 5.81%, water-soluble ash 2.66%, sulphated ash 9.25%, loss on drying 15.77%, petroleum ether extractive 1.85%, chloroform extractive 2.11%, ethyl acetate extractive 2.98%, ethanol extractive 26.77%, and water extractive 18.56%. (7)
- Different plant parts yield silica, choline, betain, cynogenetic glycosides, albuminoids, oxalic acid, reducing sugar, resins, waxes, benzoic acid, arginine, cysteine, histidine, niacin, riboflavin, thiamine, protein, gluteline. (8)

Properties
- Emollient, diuretic and diaphoretic, emmenagogue, astringent.
- Leaves are considered stimulant, aromatic, tonic, emmenagogue, anthelmintic and aphrodisiac.
- The bark is astringent and used in hemorrhoids, nausea and vomiting.



Parts utilized
Stems, roots, leaves.

Uses
Edibility / Nutrition
The young shoots (labong) are fairly tender and eaten as vegetable, the seasonal ingredient in atchara preparations.
Folkloric

• Decoction of leaves as emmenagogue, to induce lochia after childbirth.
• Decoction (20 gms for 1 liter of water; 3 cups daily) of stems of young shoots applied externally for inflamed joints.
• Decoction of leaves used to stimulate menstruation; also used for intestinal worms.
• Poultice of young shoots used for dislodgement of worms from ulcers.
• Bud of leaf used in leprosy, fevers, and hemoptysis.
• Decoction of roots used for anuria.
• Roots given as a specific for eruptive affections.
• Stems and leaves used for treatment of blood diseases, biliousness, leucoderma, inflammations, wounds and piles.
• Roots applied to ringworm and bleeding gums.
• Decoction of shoots taken for respiratory ailments.
• Juice of flower instilled to ear for earache.
• Poultice of tender shoots used for cleaning wounds. Decoction or juice of leaves applied to wounds.
• Decoction of tender shoots used as abortifacient in the first month and in the last month, to induce labor, and to facilitate placental expulsion.
• In India, decoction of leaves used for diarrhea. Decoction of shoots with honey used for respiratory problems. Leaf decoction used to stimulate menstruation. Leaves ingested directly to cure stomach or intestinal worms. Paste from shoots used externally for cleaning wounds or maggot-infested sores. (5)
Livestock
• In India, for ethnoveterinary use, decoction of a handful of leaves used for diarrhea in cattle, once a day for two to three days.
Others
• Bambusa spinosa is the most commonly used species of bamboo in the Philippines.
• Used in the building of bamboo houses, furniture and household utensils.

• Leaf juice used in aromatherapy.

Studies
Antiinflammatory / Antiulcer:
Study evaluated the antiinflammatory effect of a methanol extract of leaves of Bambusa arundinaceae against carrageenin-induced and immunologically induced paw oedema and also antiulcer activity in albino rats. The combination of methanol extract and phenylbutazone (NSAID) produced good antiinflammatory effect and may be useful in the long-term treatment of chronic inflammatory conditions like rheumatoid arthritis with peptic ulcer. (3)
Anti-Diabetic / Seeds: Study evaluated aqueous ethanolic solvent extracts of Bambusa arundinaceae for anti-diabetic activity in alloxan induced diabetic rats. Results showed statistically significant anti-diabetic activity in comparison with standard glibenclamide. (8)
Antimicrobial/ Bamboo Shavings: Study of water-phase extract of bamboo shavings showed dose dependent antibacterial activity against a range of food borne and food spoilage pathogens, viz., S. aureus, B. subtilis, E. coli, Aspergillus niger, Penicillium citrinum, and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. (8)
Antifertility / Shoots: Study of an ethanolic extract of tender shoots showed reduction in fertility of male rats, associated with decrease in number and motility of spermatozoa. (8)
Biomass Nutrients: Study showed nutrient concentrations increased with age. The dry matter production of above-ground biomass increased progressively with age. (9)

Availability
Cultivated or wildcrafted.

Last Update May 2015

Photos © Godofredo Stuart / StuartXchange
SOURCES

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
(1)
Bambusa blumeana Schult.f. / Chinese names / Catalogue of Life, China
(2)
Sorting Bambusa names
/ Maintained by: Michel H. Porcher / MULTILINGUAL MULTISCRIPT PLANT NAME DATABASE / A Work in Progress. School of Agriculture and Food Systems. Faculty of Land & Food Resources. The University of Melbourne. Australia / Copyright © 1997 - 2000 The University of Melbourne.
(3)
Antiinflammatory and antiulcer activities of Bambusa arundinacea. / Muniappan M, Sundararaj T. / J Ethnopharmacol. 2003 Oct;88(2-3):161-7.
(4)
Bambusa bambos (L.) Voss / Synonyms / The Plant List
(5)
Bambusa bambos / Always Ayurveda
(6)
Therapeutic Potentials of Bambusa bambos Druce / Das Sanjita*, Rizvan Mohd., Basu S.P., Das Saumya / Indo Global Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2012; 2(1): 85-87
(7)
PHARMACOGNOSTICAL EVALUATION OF BAMBUSA BAMBOS DRUCE LEAVES / Aakruti. A. Kaikini, Swati R. Dhande, Aruna P. Jadhav, Malvika S.Gursahani, and Vilasrao J. Kadam / IAJPR. 2013; 3(9): 7135-7139
(8)
Phytopharmacological Properties of Bambusa arundinacea as a Potential Medicinal Tree: An Overview
/
Rathod Jaimik D, Pathak Nimish L, Patel Ritesh G, N.P. Jivani and Bhatt Nayna M / Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science 01 (10); 2011: 27-31
(9)
Biomass and nutrient cycling in bamboo (Bambusa bambos) plantations of tropical areas
/ P. Shanmughavel, K. Francis / Biology and Fertility of Soils, November 1996, Volume 23, Issue 4, pp 431-434



It is not uncommon for links on studies/sources to change. Copying and pasting the information on the search window or using the DOI (if available) will often redirect to the new link page.
Latest Updated Tagalog and English Lists of Philippine Medicinal Plants

Bahay Kubo

The Illustrated Medicinal Plant Song
Alternative Medicine Dictionary
Un-Abbreviated Dialect Sources of Common and Local Names
Plant Names
List of Philippine Medicinal Plants with Chinese Names
HOME      •      SEARCH      •      EMAIL    •     ABOUT