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Family Rubiaceae
Bulobangkal
Nauclea junghuhnii
SOUTHERN BANGKAL

Scientifric names  Common names 
Nauclea junghuhnii (Miq.) Merr. Bangkal (Tag., S. L. Bis.) 
Nauclea glaberrima Blanco Bulobankal (P. Bis.) 
Nauclea hirsuta (Havil.) Merr. Kabak (S. L. Bis.) 
Nauclea pubescens (Valeton) Merr. Kalamansanai (Sul.) 
Nauclea subdita (Korth.) Steud. Magalablab (Bag.) 
Sarcocephalus horsfeldii Miq. Mambog (Bik.)
Sarcocephalus junghuhnii Miq. Mamuloko (Bag.) 
Sarcocephalus mitragynus Miq. Nato (Ibn., Lan.) 
Sarcocephalus pubescens Miq. Sapauan (Mand.) 
Sarcocephalus subditus (Korth.)  Miq. Tiroron (Bik.) 
  Southern bangkal (Engl.) 
Bangkal is the local name for two species of Genus Nauclea: Bulobangkal (Nauclea Junghuhnii) and Bangkal (Nauclea orientalis).

Botany
Tree reaching a height of 25 meters. Leaves are leathery, ovate, 8-20 cms long, pointed at the tip, rounded or pointed at the base, on petioles about 2 cm long. Flowers are yellow, occuring in rounded heads. The lower part of the flower form a ball from which the corollas project like pins from a pin cushion. When the corolla falls off, the ball enlarges and becomes a fruit. Fruit is round, 2 cm in diameter, fleshy, brown, pitted on the surface.

Distribution
Found in primary forests at low altitudes in Isabela, Quezon, Zambales, Camarines, Sorsogon and Albay Provinces in Luzon; in Masbate, Leyte, Negros and Mindanao.
Also found in Indo-China, the Malay Peninsula, Sumatra and Borneo.

Parts used
Bark, leaves.

Uses
Decoction of bark used to regulate menstruation.

Availability
Wild-crafted. 


Last Update February 2011

IMAGE SOURCE / Public Domain / File:Sarcocephalum subditus Blanco1.51.png / Flora de Filipinas / Franciso Manuel Blanco (OSA), 1880-1883 / Modifications by Carol Spears / Wikimedia Commons

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