HOME      •      SEARCH      •      EMAIL    •     ABOUT


Family Leguminosae / Fabaceae
Balibagan
Dalbergia ferruginea Roxb.
Tuo ye huang tan

Scientific names Common names
Dalbergia ferruginea Roxb. Balibagan (Tag.)
Dalbergia luzonnensis Vogel Balintodok (Bag.)
Dalbergia limonensis Benth. Balitadhan (Mbo.)
Dalbergia stipulacea F.-Vill. Gipus-gipus (Sul.)
Dalbergia stipulacea Roxb. Kulik-manok (Pamp.)
Dalbergia ferruginea Roxb. var. daronensis Elm. East Himalayan dalbergia (Engl.)
Dalbergia rivularis Merr. & L M Perry  
Dalbergia ferruginea Roxb. is a synonym of Dalbergia stipulacea Roxb. The Plant List

Other vernacular names
ASSAMESE: Bijuli, Dat bijla.
BENGALI: Horoiludi.
CHINESE: Zi hua duo.
GARO: Khotbudu, Khot bades.
KHASI: Dieng sohjeruaw.
NEPALESE: Tatibari.

Botany
Balibagan is a climbing shrub reaching a height of several meters. Younger parts are covered with brown hairs, often becoming nearly smooth with age. Leaves are pinnate, 10 to 20 centimeters long, and made up of 15 to 21 leaflets. Leaflets are elliptic-oblong or oblong, 1.5 to 4 centimeters long. Flowers are pink, white, or yellowish, about 5 to 7 centimeters long, and borne in large numbers in axillary and terminal panicles. Pods are oblong to strap-shaped, 3 to 7 centimeters long, and 1.5 centimeters or less wide, and contain 1 to 3 seeds, being thin except where the seeds occur.

Distribution
- In thickets and secondary forests at low and medium altitudes from northern Luzon to Palawan and Mindanao.
- Also occurs in India, Bangladesh, China, Laos, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam, Papua New Guinea.
- Occurs in Brazil, Venezuela, French Guiana.

Constituents
- Roots and leaves yielded stipulin and luteolin 4'-rutinoside.

Properties
- Emmenagogue, abortive, piscicidal.

Parts used
Stem, bark, leaves, roots.

Uses

Folkloric
- Decoction of the wood of the stem or roots is used as emmenagogue.
- In excessive doses, used as abortive.
- In Bangladesh, roots and leaves used in gonorrhea and aphthae.
- Roots and leaves taken orally for treatment of gonorrhea.
Others
- Bark and roots used for poisoning fish. In Nepal, roots used as piscicidal.


Studies
Flavone Glycoside:
Study yielded a new luteolin 4′-rutinoside and luteolin from the leaves of Dalbergia stipulacea. (1)

Availability
Wild-crafted.

Last Update November 2014

MAGE SOURCE: / Illustration / Dalbergia stipulacea Roxb. [as Dalbergia ferruginea Roxb.] / Annals of the Royal Botanic Garden, Calcutta, vol. 10(1): t. 7 (1906) / Illustration contributed by the Library of the Missouri Botanical Garden, U.S.A. / PlantIllustrations.org

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
(1)
A flavone glycoside from Dalbergia stipulacea leaves / Pushpa Borai and Rameshwar Dayal / Phytochemistry, Volume 33, Issue 3, 18 June 1993, Pages 731-732 / The International Journal of Plant Biochemistry / doi:10.1016/0031-9422(93)85488-D
(2)
CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS OF SOME FOREST PLANTS / Rameshwar Dayal /
(3)
DALBERGIA STIPULACEA Roxb. / MEDICINAL PLANTS OF BANGLADESH
(4)
Dalbergia stipulacea Roxb. (accepted name) / Chinese names / Catalogue of Life, China.
(5)
Ethnomedicinal, phytochemical, and pharmacological profile of the genus Dalbergia L. (Fabaceae) /
Sanjib Saha*, Jamil A. Shilpi, Himangsu Mondal, Faroque Hossain, Md. Anisuzzman, Md. Mahadhi Hasan, Geoffrey A. Cordell / Phytopharmacology 2013, 4(2), 291-346
(6)
East Himalayan dalbergia / Common names / Flowers of India

It is not uncommon for links on studies/sources to change. Copying and pasting the information on the search window or using the DOI (if available) will often redirect to the new link page.

HOME      •      SEARCH      •      EMAIL    •     ABOUT