Genus Asparagus of the
Liliaceae family is of medical importance because of its steroidal sapogenins
used as precursors for many pharmacologically active steroids.
Asparagus fern is a slender, climbiing or
ascending, branched perennial, with round, green and wiry stems, with
very numerous slender branches and branchlets that spread horizontally, forming triangular
fernlike sprays, with the upper internodes 1 to 2 millimeters long. Leaves (cladodes) are setaceous, very slender, 3 to 5
millimeters long, ascending or spreading, 6 to 12 in a fascicle. Flowers are
small, perfect, solitary at the ends of the branches, with very short pedicels, about 1 millimeter long.
Perianth-segments are about 2 millimeters long and spreading. Fruit is a purple and black ovoid berry.
- Cultivated for ornamental
- Recently introduced.
- Native of Africa.
- Cultivated in most warm countries.
• Study isolated
furostanol glycosides from Asparagus plumosus leaves.
•Traditionally, antimalarial, diuretic.
- Not known in the Philippines for its medicinal application.
- In Mexico
a decoction of the branches are used for pulmonary infections; decoction of roots used as a diuretic.
- In Tanzania, the Lobedu drink a cold infusion
of leaves and stem for malaria.
- In Pakistan, root tubers used with boiled milk and sugar for dysentery and diarrhea.
- Ornamental: The cuts sprays of the
asparagus fern are ornamental favorites among florists for its beauty
and lasting quality.
• Phytochemicals / Glycosides: (1) A methanolic extract study of leaves of A plumosus yielded two new furostanol glycosides (2) Study yielded three spirostanol glycosides from the leaves.
Cultivated for ornmental use.
Seeds in the cybermarket.