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Family Verbenacea

Alipung
Gmelina asiatica Blanco
ASIAN BUSHBEECH

Scientific names Common names  
Gmelina philippensis Cham. Alipung (Tag.) Paniktik (Sbl.)
Gmelina asiatica Blanco Alipuñga (Tag.) Sousou (Ig.)
Gmelina hystrix Kurz. Baga babui (Tag., Bis.) Tuloñgan (P. Bis.)
Gmelina inermis Blanco Betebet (Pang.) Asiatic beechberry (Engl.)
G. asiatica (L.) var. philippensis Bakh. Bosel-bosel (Ilk.) Asian bushbeech (Engl.)
  Kalulut (Pamp.)  


Botany
Alipung is an erect, branched, nearly smooth shrub or small tree, 3 to 8 meters high, usually with a few stout spines on the trunk and branches. Leaves are elliptic, 4 to 8 centimeters long, entire, usually rounded or blunt at the apex and pointed at the base, and smooth beneath. Flowers are borne in short, terminal racemes, each subtended by a large, pale-green bract. The calyx is green, about 5 millimeters long. Corolla is yellow, about 4 centimeters long. Fruit is fleshy, smooth, yellow, pear-shaped, about 2 centimeters long.

Distribution
- Common in thickets and secondary forests at low and medium altitudes in Cagayan, Benguet, Pangasinan, Zambales, Bataan, Pampanga, Bulacan, Rizal, and Laguna Provinces in Luzon; and in Panay.
- Also reported in Siam, Cochin-China.

Parts utilized
Fruit, roots.

Uses
Folkloric
• Juice of fruit applied to portions of the feet affected by "alipuñga," a kind of eczema.
• Fruit of juice is also considered an "anti-limatik" (a species of leech of the genus Haemadipsa).
• Fruit poultice pounded with lime, applied to the throat, for coughs.
• Mixture of the fruit with lime and garlic vigorously applied to the body in cases of dropsy.
• In India, traditionally used for diabetes. Also, used for dandruff - fruit juice applied every three days in the morning externally on the scalp.

Studies
Antipyretic: Study of eight Pakistani medicinal plants showed Gmelina asiatica roots exhibited prominent oral antipyretic activity.
Antimicrobial: (1) C. viscosa and G. asiatica were tested for antimicrobial activity. The ethanolic extracts of the roots of G asiatica exhibited a broad spectrum of antimicrobial activity, esp against E coli, P vulgaris and P aeruginosa. (2) Study showed the aqueous extract to be active against P. pseduoalcaligenes, while the methanol extract could inhibit B subtilis.

Availability
Wild-crafted.

Last Update April 2012

IMAGE SOURCE / GNU Free Documentaion License / Creative Commons / File:Gmelina asiatica (Kali Shivan) in Kinnarsani WS, AP W2 IMG 5820.jpg / J M Garg / 14.02.09 / Wikimedia Commons

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
(1)
Antipyretic studies on some indigenous Pakistani medicinal plants: II / M Ikram et al / Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Vol 19, Issue 2, March-April 1987, Pages 185-192 / doi:10.1016/0378-8741(87)90040-7
(2)
Evaluation of antimicrobial activity of Cleome viscosa and Gmelina asiatica / Sudhakar M et al / Fitoterapia. 2006 Jan;77(1):47-9. Epub 2005 Dec 1.
(3)
Efficacy of Aqueous and Methanol Extracts of Some Medicinal Plants for Potential Antibacterial Activity / Jigna Parekh et al / Turk J Biol, 29 (2005) 203-210
(4)
ETHNOMEDICINAL PLANTS USED BY THE VALAIYAN COMMUNITY OF PIRANMALAI HILLS (RESERVED FOREST), TAMILNADU, INDIA. - A PILOT STUDY / B Sandhya, S Thomas et al / Afr. J. Trad. CAM (2006) 3 (1): 101 - 114


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