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Family Polypodiaceae / Adiantaceae
Alambrillong-gubat
Adiantum caudatum Linn.
TAILED MAIDENHAIR

You wei tie xian jue

Scientific names Common names
Adiantum caudatum Linn. Alambrillong-gubat (Tag.)
Adiantum caudatum var. angustilobatum Bonap. Tailed maidenhair (Engl.)
Adiantum lyratum Blanco Trailing maidenhair (Engl.)
Infraspecific taxa Walking maidenhair fern (Engl.)
Adiantum caudatum var. hirsutum (Bory) Bonap.  
Adiantum caudatum L. is an accepted name The Plant List

Other vernacular names
CHINESE: You wei tie xian jue, Bian ye tie xian jue.
SANSKRIT: Myurshikha.

Botany
Alambrillong-gubat is a fern. Stipes are tufted, erect or spreading, more or less covered with brown hairs, 5 to 20 centimeters long. Fronds are linear in outline, simply pinnate, 15 to 30 centimeters long; the leaflets, 1 to 2 centimeters long; the upper margin is rounded, and more or less cut. Rachis and both surfaces of the frond are villose, rooting at the apex; the sori are roundish on the edges of the lobes.

Distribution
- Widely distributed in the Philippines, especially common in thickets.
- Also reported from Tropical Africa and from Asia to Polynesia.

Constituents
- Study of various extracts of leaves showed TPC (total phenolic content) of 27.2 µg (methanolic), 21.2 µg (aqueous), and 16.7 µg (hexanic) of gallic equivalents per mL. TFCs (total flavonoid content) were 13.2 µg (methanolic), 11.6 µg (aqueous), and 10.0 µg (hexanic of rutin equivalents per mL. (see study below) (9)

Properties
- Considered antispasmodic, antiasthmatic.
- Studies have shown cytotoxic, antidiabetic, hypolipidemic, antimicrobial properties.

Parts used
Leaves, aerial parts.

Uses

Folkloric
- Leaves are used in the preparation of "sirop-de-capillaire."
- In Bourbon, used to cure coughs and fevers.
- Externally, used as a remedy for skin diseases; internally, said to be useful for diabetes.
- In Ayurveda, leaves used for diabetes. (7)


Studies
Antimicrobial:
A study tested four important Adiantum species (A. capillus-veneris, A. peruvianum, A. venustum and A. caudatum) for antimicrobial activity against 5 gram positive, 6 gram negative, and 8 fungal strains. Maximum activity was exhibited by AV followed by ACV, AP and AC. The antimicrobial activity seemed related to the phenolic content. (1)
Cytotoxicity: Extracts of 16 Bangladeshi plants were screened against human gastric, colon, and breast cancer lines. The methanolic extracts from Adiantum caudatum and B. lacera showed high cytotoxicity against all cell lines tested. (2)
Anti-Diabetic Potential: Study evaluated the potential inhibitory activity of extracts and fractions of Adiantum caudatum Linn. and Celosia argentea Linn. on α-amylase and α-glucosidase enzymes. Fraction 2 of A. caudatum and fraction 4 of C. argentea showed highest α-amylase and α-glucosidase inhibitory potential. A. caudatum showed an IC50 of 0.241 and 0.211, respectively, comparable to acarbose (0.125 and 0.93 mg/ml). Other extracts and fractions showed lower activity. (5)
Antibacterial / Fronds: Study evaluated fronds of Adiantum caudatum for antibacterial potential against bacterial species involved in skin diseases in humans. A methanol extract showed maximum level of activity towards Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a resistant strain towards amoxicillin and chloramphenicol. Flavonoid and phenol content in the methanol extract may be one of the reasons for its antibacterial activity. (6)
Antioxidant / Antibacterial / Leaves: Study evaluated various extract of Adiantum caudatum leaves for phenolic content, flavonoid content, and antioxidant and antimicrobial potential. Antioxidant activities of the extracts in reducing power, FRAP, phosphomolybdate and ABTS assays were methanolic>aqueous> hexanic. In DPPH assay, the aqueous extract showed slightly higher antioxidant activity than the methanolic extract. In antibacterial testing against Bacillus subtilis, E. coli, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, the aqueous extract was the most potent. (see constituents above) (8)
Hypoglycemic / Hypolipidemic / Leaves: Study evaluated the hypoglycemic and antihyperlipidemic effect of ethanolic extract of A. caudatum whole plant in alloxan induced diabetic rats. Results showed a significant decrease in blood glucose level and significant decrease in serum total cholesterol and triglycerides. (9)

Availability
- Wild-crafted.

Last update June 2016

IMAGE SOURCES: Adiabntum (1) Left: Adiantum caudatum L. [19891-21562-93721] Hu, H.S., Ching, R.C., Icones filicum sinicarum, vol. 5: t. 210 (1958) (2) Right: Adiantum caudatum L. [19891-21562-147868 Houtte, L. van, Flore des serres et des jardin de l'Europe, vol. 22: t. 0 (1845) / www.plantillustrations.org / Click on image to go to source page

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
(1)
Antimicrobial activity of some important Adiantum species used traditionally in indigenous systems of medicine / Singh M, Singh N, Khare PB, Rawat AK /
J Ethnopharmacol. 2008 Jan 17;115(2):327-9. Epub 2007 Sep 29.
(2)
Cytotoxic Effects of Bangladeshi Medicinal Plant Extracts / Shaikh J Uddin, Darren Grice, Evelin Tiralongo / Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 578092, 7 pages / doi:10.1093/ecam/nep111
(3)
Adiantum caudatum L. / Chinese names / Catalogue of Life, China
(4)
Adiantum caudatum / Synonyms / The Plant List
(5)
In-vitro α-amylase and α-glucosidase inhibitory activity of Adiantum caudatum Linn. and Celosia argentea Linn. extracts and fractions. / Telagari M, Hullatti K / Indian J Pharmacol. 2015 Jul-Aug;47(4):425-9. doi: 10.4103/0253-7613.161270.
(6)
ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF FRONDS OF ADIANTUM CAUDATUM L. TOWARDS BACTERIA INVOLVED IN CUTANEOUS DISEASES / Toji Thomas* / Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Science & Research, Vol 4, Issue 2 (2014): pp 80-82.
(7)
Antidiabetic Drugs in Ayurveda / Ingole Rajesh Kundlikrao / International Research Journal of Pharmacy, 2013, 4(6)
(8)
Comparative Analysis of Phenolics, Flavonoids, and Antioxidant and Antibacterial Potential of Methanolic, Hexanic and Aqueous Extracts from Adiantum caudatum Leaves / Dildar Ahmed*, Muhammad Mehboob Khan and Ramsha Saeed / Antioxidants 2015, 4, 394-409; doi:10.3390/antiox4020394
(9)
HYPOGLYCEMIC AND ANTIHYPERLIPIDEMIC EFFECTS OF ADIANTUM CAUDATUM IN ALLOXAN INDUCED DIABETES IN RATS / DIPANKAR SAHA*, SURAJIT KUMAR GHOSH, TRISHNA DAS, SHANTI BHUSHAN MISHRA / Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, Vol 9, Issue 1, 2016

It is not uncommon for links on studies/sources to change. Copying and pasting the information on the search window or using the DOI (if available) will often redirect to the new link page.

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