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Family Poaceae
Agusais
Setaria palmifolia (J. Koenig) Stapf.

PALM GRASS
Chu mao

Scientific names  Common names
Agrostis plicata Lour. Agusais (Bik.)
Chaetochloa effusa (E.Fourn.) Hitchc. Asahas (C. Bis.)
Chaetochloa palmmifolia (J.Koenig) Hitchc. & Chase Bañgas (Ig.)
Chaetochloa sulcata (Aubl. .) Hitchc. Dumbug (Sul.)
Chamaeraphis effusa (E.Fourn.) Hitchc. Hagusahis (Bik.)
Chamaeraphis nepalensis (Spreng.) Kuntze Lalasa (Ig.)
Chamaeraphis neurodes (F.W.Schultz) Kuntze Liahon (If.)
Chamaeraphis palmifolia (K.D.Koenig) Kuntze Lias (Bon.)
Chamaeraphis paniculifera (Steud.) Kuntze Yas (Ig.) 
Chamaeraphis sulcata (Aubl.) Kuntze Broadleaved bristlegrass (Engl.)
Panicum amplissimum Steud. Highland pitpit (Engl.)
Panicum lene Steud. Palm grass (Engl.)
Panicum nepalensis Spreng.  
Panicum neurodes Schult.  
Panicum palmifolium J.Koenig  
Panicum palmifolium Willd. ex Poir.  
Panicum paniculiferum Steud.  
Panicum plicatum Roxb.  
Panicum speciosum A.Braun   
Panicum sulcatum Raddi   
Setaria effusa E.Fourn.  
Setaria lenis (Steud.) Miq.  
Setaria paniculifera (Steud.) E.Fourn.  
Setaria paniculifera (Steud.) E.Fourn. ex Hemsl.  
Setaria sulcata (Aubl.) A.Camus  
Setaria sulcata Chev.  
Setaria palmifolia (J.Koenig) Stapf is an accepted name The Plant List

Other vernacular names
CHINESE: Zeng ye cao, Ruo ye fu, Ji mao, Ji ye cao, Chu mao.
JAPANESE: Sasa kibi.
MALAY: Rumput daun pisang, Lintabung (Indonesia).
THAI: Ya kap phai.

Botany
Agusais is a perennial grass that grows to a height of 1 to 3 meters. Leaf blades are broad-lanceolate and longitudinally corrugated. Seeds are about 3 millimeters long and borne in large numbers in terminal shoots. Inflorescence is a loose panicle with minute spikelets.

Distribution
- Common in thickets, old clearings and waste places.
- Also found in China, India, Bangladesh, Malaysia, Indo-China.


Parts used and preparation
Leaves, seeds.

Uses
Edibility
- Grain of the grass sometimes used as rice substitute.
- In Malaya, tender shoots are eaten as vegetable, raw, steamed, or cooked with rice.
Folkloric
- A compound decoction taken for irregular menses.
- In New Guinea, leaves used to counter magic spells. Used by ritual specialists one people possessed by bush demon spirits: leaves of kura (Setaria palmifolia), qui (Syzigium pteropodum), bandjii (Ficus adenosperma), and koke (Piper wichmannii) are bound together at the stems by vine or rope, and cooked over glowing embers, and rubbed on the skin of sick patients while incantations are recited.
(6)
Others
- Fodder: Feed for cattle.
- In Papua, New Guinea, the species is used for good fortune when playing cards and for hunting birds.
According to the Maibang people, a myth from Tut.

Studies
Antioxidant / DPPH Radical Scavenging Activity: 23 Taiwan forest plants were studies for polyphenol content and antioxidant activity by DPPH assay. Setaria palmifolia was 10th in polyphenol content. (1)
Study on Nutritive Value: Study evaluated the nutritive value of Dhutesaro grass in a metabolism trial in goats.
The grass yielded 47.63% TDN, 8.16% DCP and 28.05% SE, with a nutritive ratio of 1:4.84. Intakes of the grass in terms of DM, TDN and minerals were inadequate to meet the maintenance requirements of goats. (7)

Availability
Wild-crafted. 

Godofredo U. Stuart Jr., M.D.

Last Update May 2016


Photos © Godofredo Stuart / StuartXchange
Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
(1)
Evaluation of antioxidant polyphenols in Taiwan's medicinal plants / Shieh PoChuen et al / Asian Journal of Chemistry 2009 Vol. 21 No. 7 pp. 5556-5562
(2)
Setaria palmifolia (J. Konig) Stapf / Chinese names / Catalogue of Life, China
(3)
Sorting Setaria names
/ Maintained by: Michel H. Porcher / MULTILINGUAL MULTISCRIPT PLANT NAME DATABASE / A Work in Progress. School of Agriculture and Food Systems. Faculty of Land & Food Resources. The University of Melbourne. Australia / Copyright © 1997 - 2000 The University of Melbourne
(4)
Chemical composition and nutritive value of Aruna (Setaria palmifolia) grass for cattle / Bora, J.; Saikia, A.; Baruah, K. K., 1986: / Indian Journal of Animal Nutrition 3(4): 282-284
(5)
Reite Plants: An Ethnobotanical Study in Tok Pisin and English / Porer Nombo and James Leach / Asia-Pacific Environment Monograph 4 / Australian National University E Press
(6)
THE ROLE OF MEDICAL ETHNOBOTANY IN ETHNOMEDICINE: A NEW GUINEA EXAMPLE / BORUT TELllAN / J, Elhnobio/, 8(2):149-169 Winter 1988
(7)
Nutritive value of dhutesaro setaria palmifolia koenig stapf. for goats. / Gupta, H. K.; Balaraman, N. / Indian Journal of Animal Research 22(1): 47-48, 1988
(8)
Setaria palmifolia / Synonyms / The Plant List
It is not uncommon for links on studies/sources to change. Copying and pasting the information on the search window or using the DOI (if available) will often redirect to the new link page.

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