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Family Asteraceae
Helichrysum bracteatum (Vent.) Willd.


Scientific names  Common names
Helichrysum bracteatum (Vent.) Willd. Everlasting (Engl.)
Helichrysum bracteatum var. bracteatum  Strawflower (Engl.)
  Everlasting daisy (Engl.)
  Paper daisy (Engl.)

Everlasting is a stout annual herb growing to a height of 30 to 60 centimeters , with terete and sparingly branched stems. Leaves are alternate, oblong-lanceolate, with entire margins, and narrowed at the base. Blade is green on both sides. Flower head is terminal, up to 6 centimeters across, golden yellow, pink, orange to ivory white, enclosed by strawlike imbricated bracts of varying colors of red, yellow, brown and white.

- Common in the Nilgiris and Kodaikanal hills of south India.
- Introduced
- Thrives best in the high altitudes, i.e., Baguio and Tagaytay .

• Reported to yield lignins and aurones.
• Studies have yielded flavonoids with a predominance of apigenin and luteolin along with 7-glucoside. source
• Study yielded four flavones and five flavanols. (See Studies below)
• Ethanol extract of flowers yielded eleven compounds: subscandenin (1), prunin(2), eriodictyol 5-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (3), pyracanthoside (4), quercetin (5), luteolin (6), chrysocriol (7), isoorientin (8), caffeic acid(9), piperitol(10) and 4-hydroxymethyl-l-methoxycarbonylazulene(11). (4)

• Study of anthocyanins in the flower petals yielded a pure anto-cyanin chloride, cyanin glucosdie. (6)
• Study of flowers (golden yellow, pink, ivory white) yielded polyphenolic compounds: luteolin (GY, P, IW), bractein (GY, P), cernuoside (GY, P), caffeic acid (GY, P, IW), iso-orientin (P), luteolin-7-O-glucoside (IW).

• Considered anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antispasmodic, antitussive, astringent, diuretic, expectorant, fungicidal, cicatrisant, liver stimulant.

Parts used
Flowers, aerial parts.

- No reported folkloric use in the Philippines.
- Plant used for wound dressing.

A favorite decorative or altar flower, as it lasts indefinitely when dried.
• Scentless when fresh, but said to repel moths when dried.

• Oil used to flavor tobacco and as fixative in perfume and cosmetics.

Gamma-pyrone: A 2007 study yielded a new gamma- pyrone, sterols and triterpenes from H. bracteatum. Of seven compounds isolated, 4 were from aerial parts, 3 from flowers. Gamma-pyrone compounds were considered potential anti-cancer drugs. (1)
Antiinflammatory / Hepatoprotective:
Study yielded four flavones, five flavonols, six caffeoyl derivatives of quinic acid from the flowers and aerial parts of Helichrysum bracteatum. The flavonol bractein was the most potent anti-inflammatory and antipyretic and the flavonol 3,5-dicaffreoylquinic acid was the most potent analgesic. The flowers showed significant hepatoprotective effect. (3)

Ornamental cultivation.

Last Updated August 2014

Photos (Dried Flowers) © Godofredo Stuart / StuartXchange
OTHER IMAGE SOURCE: / Phote: Garden / Helichrysum bracteatum / © Bedding Plants / Click on photo to go to source page / Auburn University

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
PHCOG MAG.: Research Article: A new ?-pyrone, sterols and triterpenes from Helichrysum
bracteatum, Gazania nivea and Dimorphotheca ecklonis

Phcog Mag. Vol 3, Issue 12, Oct-Dec, 2007
Caffeoyl Derivatives and Flavonoids from Three Compositae Species
Phcog Mag. Vol 4, Issue 13, Jan - Mar, 2008
Analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities of Hispudulin isolated from Helichrysum bracteatum
S. Kaviman, V. M. Mounissamy, and R. Gunasegaran / Indian Drugs. 37: 582-584 (2000).

Chemical Constituents of the Flowers of Helichrysum bracteatum / Liu Hai-yang; He Hong-ping; Yang Xian-wen; Chen Mu-wei; Hao Xiao-jiang / Natural Product Research & Development, Jun2007, Vol. 19 Issue 3, p 423
Helichrysum bracteatum (Venten.) Willd. / The Plant List
Studies on Anthocyanin in Purple Flower of Helichrysum bracteatum / Uang Shaoyong, Wu Dixin, Bi Wangfu, Cao Yuying / Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 1992.
Polyphenolic components of flowers of Helichrysum bracteatum / Current Science, Vol 69, No 1, July 10, 1995
Polyphenoic components of flowers of Helichrysum bracteatum / Chapter II

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