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Family Asteraceae
Everlasting
Helichrysum bracteatum (Vent.) Willd.

EVERLASTING DAISY

Scientific names  Common names
Helichrysum bracteatum (Vent.) Willd. Everlasting (Engl.)
Helichrysum bracteatum var. bracteatum  Strawflower (Engl.)
  Everlasting daisy (Engl.)
  Paper daisy (Engl.)

Botany
Everlasting is a stout annual herb growing to a height of 30 to 60 centimeters , with terete and sparingly branched stems. Leaves are alternate, oblong-lanceolate, with entire margins, and narrowed at the base. Blade is green on both sides. Flower head is terminal, up to 6 centimeters across, golden yellow, pink, orange to ivory white, enclosed by strawlike imbricated bracts of varying colors of red, yellow, brown and white.

Distribution
- Common in the Nilgiris and Kodaikanal hills of south India.
- Introduced
- Thrives best in the high altitudes, i.e., Baguio and Tagaytay .

Constituents
• Reported to yield lignins and aurones.
• Studies have yielded flavonoids with a predominance of apigenin and luteolin along with 7-glucoside. source
• Study yielded four flavones and five flavanols. (See Studies below)
• Ethanol extract of flowers yielded eleven compounds: subscandenin (1), prunin(2), eriodictyol 5-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (3), pyracanthoside (4), quercetin (5), luteolin (6), chrysocriol (7), isoorientin (8), caffeic acid(9), piperitol(10) and 4-hydroxymethyl-l-methoxycarbonylazulene(11). (4)

• Study of anthocyanins in the flower petals yielded a pure anto-cyanin chloride, cyanin glucosdie. (6)
• Study of flowers (golden yellow, pink, ivory white) yielded polyphenolic compounds: luteolin (GY, P, IW), bractein (GY, P), cernuoside (GY, P), caffeic acid (GY, P, IW), iso-orientin (P), luteolin-7-O-glucoside (IW).

Properties
• Considered anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antispasmodic, antitussive, astringent, diuretic, expectorant, fungicidal, cicatrisant, liver stimulant.

Parts used
Flowers, aerial parts.

Uses
Folkloric
- No reported folkloric use in the Philippines.
- Plant used for wound dressing.

Others
A favorite decorative or altar flower, as it lasts indefinitely when dried.
• Scentless when fresh, but said to repel moths when dried.

• Oil used to flavor tobacco and as fixative in perfume and cosmetics.

Studies
Gamma-pyrone: A 2007 study yielded a new gamma- pyrone, sterols and triterpenes from H. bracteatum. Of seven compounds isolated, 4 were from aerial parts, 3 from flowers. Gamma-pyrone compounds were considered potential anti-cancer drugs. (1)
Antiinflammatory / Hepatoprotective:
Study yielded four flavones, five flavonols, six caffeoyl derivatives of quinic acid from the flowers and aerial parts of Helichrysum bracteatum. The flavonol bractein was the most potent anti-inflammatory and antipyretic and the flavonol 3,5-dicaffreoylquinic acid was the most potent analgesic. The flowers showed significant hepatoprotective effect. (3)


Availability
Wild-crafted.
Ornamental cultivation.


Last Updated August 2014


Photos (Dried Flowers) © Godofredo Stuart / StuartXchange
OTHER IMAGE SOURCE: / Phote: Garden / Helichrysum bracteatum / © Bedding Plants / Click on photo to go to source page / Auburn University

Additional Sources and Suggested Readings
(1)
PHCOG MAG.: Research Article: A new ?-pyrone, sterols and triterpenes from Helichrysum
bracteatum, Gazania nivea and Dimorphotheca ecklonis

Phcog Mag. Vol 3, Issue 12, Oct-Dec, 2007
(2)
Caffeoyl Derivatives and Flavonoids from Three Compositae Species
Phcog Mag. Vol 4, Issue 13, Jan - Mar, 2008
(3)
Analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities of Hispudulin isolated from Helichrysum bracteatum
S. Kaviman, V. M. Mounissamy, and R. Gunasegaran / Indian Drugs. 37: 582-584 (2000).

(4)
Chemical Constituents of the Flowers of Helichrysum bracteatum / Liu Hai-yang; He Hong-ping; Yang Xian-wen; Chen Mu-wei; Hao Xiao-jiang / Natural Product Research & Development, Jun2007, Vol. 19 Issue 3, p 423
(5)
Helichrysum bracteatum (Venten.) Willd. / The Plant List
(6)
Studies on Anthocyanin in Purple Flower of Helichrysum bracteatum / Uang Shaoyong, Wu Dixin, Bi Wangfu, Cao Yuying / Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 1992.
(7)
Polyphenolic components of flowers of Helichrysum bracteatum / Current Science, Vol 69, No 1, July 10, 1995
(8)
Polyphenoic components of flowers of Helichrysum bracteatum / Chapter II


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