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Family Palmae
Calappa
Actinorhytis calapparia (Blume) Wendl. and Drude.
CALAPPA PALM

Scientific names Common names
Actinorhytis calapparia Blume Tañgalo (Bag.)
Areca calapparia Blume Calappa palm (Engl.)
Seaforthia calapparia Mart.  
Ptychosperma calapparia Miq.  

Other vernacular names
MALAYSIA: Pinang penawar, Pinang kelapa.
MAROVO: Bakovara.


Botany
Calappa is a large palm with erect stems, much like the habit of the tall Areca catechu, about 10 meters high. Leaves are pinnate, the blade measuring 70 to 90 centimeters long; the pinnae are linear, 50 to 60 centimeters long, 3 to 4 centimeters wide. Spadix is ascending with 2 spathes. Male flowers are small with imbricate sepals, much shorter than the valvate corolla. Sepals and petals of the female flowers are imbricate. Fruiting spadix is spreading. Fruits are orange-yellow, pendulous ovoid, the size of a duck's egg and containing one seed.

Distribution
- Isolated trees in settled areas, at altitudes of about 500 meters, in Davao (MIndanao).
- Introduced.
- Small garden cultivation.
- Widely distributed in the Malay Archipelago.

Parts used
Ripe nut.

Constituents
- Phytochemical screening yielded tannins, steroids, carbohydrates and amino acids.

Uses

Folkloric
- Ripe nut is medicinal, chewed by the Malays as betel substitute.
- In Sumatra, used for scurf.
Others
- Widely cultivated in Southeast Asia and Malesia where villagers attribute it magical or medicinal powers.
- Betel substitute.

Studies
Antioxidant:
Study of aqueous and methanolic fruit extracts showed dose-dependent antioxidant activity using DPPH and ferric reducing model assays. The total phenolic content were 56 and 64.3 mg/g equivalent of gallic acid respectively.

Availability
Wild-crafted.

Last Update February 2013

IMAGE SOURCE: / File:Actinorhytis calapparia.jpg / Scott Zona / 20 November 2008 / This file is licensed under the Wikimedia Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic license.
(1)
STUDIES ON THE ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY OF ACTINORHYTIS CALAPPARIA / H.N. Krishna Kumar*, Preethi, S.D. and Jyoti Bala Chauhan / International Journal of Applied Biology and Pharmaceutical Technology, Vol 3, No 2, April-June 2012

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